Augustine was born in 354 in agaste, a provincial town in what is now eastern Algeria. A" er studying rhetoric in Carthage and sailing to Italy for what turned out to be a seven-year stay, he returned to North Africa where he became Bishop of Hippo Regius and stayed until his death in 430. In Carthage he had been attracted to Manicheanism; he was, in fact a Manichean ‘auditor’ for nine years. But about the time he le" Carthage for Rome he had become disillusioned with Manicheanism. While in Italy he came under the in& uence of Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, who eventually baptized him. e experience of his conversion to Christianity is described in his famous autobiography, Confessions, at the end of book 8.