This conclusion presents some closing thoughts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book contributes to our understanding of the compatibility between religion and development in general and Islamic religious practice and neoliberal governmentality in particular, through an exploration of the activities of non-governmental organization (NGOs) and, in particular, Islamic NGOs in Bangladesh. The book argues that Islam and the activities of Islamic faith-based organizations are not antithetical to neoliberalism; in fact, neoliberalism works even better with faith-based organizations. The book explores the role of Islamic NGOs' development practices in the absence of the state and to understand the problems of secular NGOs in service delivery in rural Bangladesh. Islamic NGOs provide religious and moral teachings in the shari'a-based microfinance or Hasana programme with the aim of making their beneficiaries khati Musulmaan through encouraging piety.