This chapter reviews the developments in doctrines, strategic and military, in India since the 1971 war. For instance, the Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) set up in the United States in 1973 led to the setting up of the Army Training Command (ARTRAC) by India. A judgement emerging from the Army War College (AWC) has it that the doctrine 'defined an approach to limited wars in a nuclear environment'. Defence allocation plummeted from a record high of 3.86 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 1986-87 to an abysmal 2.38 per cent of the GDP in 1995-96. The Executive Council is headed by the National Security Advisor (NSA). The first National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) of the National Security Council (NSC) system was set up in 1998. For India, the effects of the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) sojourn and liberalisation-related cuts in defence budgets led to the military coming under considerable strain.