ABSTRACT

Some writers on comparative federalism have been inclined to treat the 1787 Constitution of the USA as the model of federalism against which other federal constitutions are measured as to their divergence (Wheare, 1964). Wheare predictably regards the Indian constitution as ‘quasi-federal’. Similarly, Verney (1995) finds the density of federalism concerned with separation and division of powers unique in the US constitution. As a corollary, he considers America as an instance in federalism as an ideology, whereas India as an example of federation. From this perspective, India appears as a federation without federalism. Our approach to federalism, including that of India, is more robustly comparative, treating federalism pragmatically as a continuum ranging from, say, a more decentralized federal constitution in the USA to a less decentralized Indian federal constitution.