Who Pays? A Geography of Costs
DOI link for Who Pays? A Geography of Costs
Who Pays? A Geography of Costs book
The reforms of the transportation industries in Canada and the United States promised to do away with what were perceived as wasteful and ineffi cient practices. Deregulation was supposed to render companies more competitive, increase employment, and lower consumer prices. At the dawn of the 1980 Motor Carrier Act, President Carter promised that “All the citizens of our Nation will benefi t from this legislation” (Carter 1980). Tired of the Fordist regime and its rigidities, Carter was just one among many who believed that greasing the wheels of international trade by reducing transportation costs would come as a benefi t for all: “Consumers will benefi t, because almost every product we purchase has been shipped by truck, and outmoded regulations have infl ated the prices that each one of us must pay. The shippers who use trucking will benefi t as new service and price options appear. Labor will benefi t from increased job opportunities. And the trucking industry itself will benefi t from greater fl exibility and new opportunities for innovation” (Carter 1980). Similar promises of increased effi ciency and lower costs have since been made to governments, shippers, shipping companies, and consumers around the world (see World Bank 2007).