The formative event during the 1980s in the history of American psychiatry was the publication of the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III). This manual ushered in the third stage of the neosomatic revolution in psychiatry, which in its turn shaped American psychoanalysis's discourse in the field of schizophrenia. Writers from diverse disciplines agree that psychiatry underwent a revolution in the beginning of the 1980s and that the DSM-III was its primary artifact. Some psychoanalysts consistently argued in their writing that since schizophrenia was a biological disorder, the real jurisdictional struggle that psychoanalysis should be invested in was the one concerning borderline patients. Some American psychoanalysts interested in schizophrenia and publishing in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis (IJP) found an alternative to reductionist theories (both biological and hermeneutics theories) in British object-relations theories.