This chapter provides readers with a thorough grounding in the fundamentals of Portuguese grammar. Grammar points are followed by examples and exercises which allow students to reinforce and consolidate their learning. The chapter mainly focuses on possessive pronouns and adjectives. In Portuguese, unlike English, possessives agree in gender and in number with the possessed object. The possessive is usually placed before the noun and agrees in gender and number with it. It can also appear after the verb, but still agrees in gender and number with the noun. The possessive pronoun is usually omitted, and the definite article used, when it is clear who possesses what. This is particularly the case when referring to parts of the body, clothing and footwear.