This chapter outlines the theoretical stance in relation to cinema and the nation of Bangladesh as utilize these to address the problems of studying such a non-Western national cinema. It considers the cinema as a public sphere: therefore deal with the complex role of cinema as a cultural institution in constructing contesting and overlapping identities of/for Bengali Muslims. In order to consider Bangladesh as a 'nation' use the postcolonial understanding of nationalism and colonialism. The chapter first proceeds with the concept of 'cinema'. The chapter looks at how to understand 'Bangladesh'. It have discussed the key issues like historiography in, and the ways of understanding cinema above, one final question remains: what 'Bangladesh' is as a conceptual entity and how author will be looking at the cinema in/of/by it. The chapter proceeds to outline how it will avoid such a 'Third-Worldist' approach, how a study on Bangladesh cinema could be articulated of neocolonial cultural-nationalalist model.