ABSTRACT

John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the thirty-fifth president of the United States in January of 1961. The Kennedy administration charged that the Freedom Riders were giving America a bad image and asked for 'a cooling-off period'. In August 1961, the Freedom Rides summer, a mixed-race boy was born in Honolulu, Hawaii, and named after his Kenyan father, Barack Obama. Obama began planning a possible entry into the 2004 US Senate race in Illinois. During George W. Bush's first term, Barack Obama began to speak out on national issues. When his strongest primary opponent dropped out of the race due to a divorce controversy, Obama surprisingly won with over 50" of the vote, 29" more than the second-place finisher. In his concession speech, John McCain graciously acknowledged the historic importance of the election of an African American as president of the United States.