ABSTRACT

Wehaveseeninanearlierchapterhowtheprogressofthecentral EuropeanBronzeAgemaybetracedinseparatewaysinsettlements, burialsandartifacts.Wesawthatsettlementevidenceisreallytooscanty fordetailedconclusionstobedrawnfromitconcerningthestateofthe population,andthattheartifactsareinacontinualstateofdevelopment. Burialrites,ontheotherhand,doshowadegreeofstabilityineacharea, anditisintheburialritesthatthechangefromearliertolaterBronzeAge iscustomarilydiscerned.BytheendoftheUneticeperiod,burialunder abarrowwasquitecommon;bytheendoftheTumulusperioditwas, insomeareas,prettynighuniversal.Atthesametime,however,some groups-particularlythoseintheeast-werecrematingtheirdead, puttingtheashesinanurnandtheurninapit.Itiswiththewidespread adoptionofthislatterritethatweareparticularlyconcernedinthis chapter.OverthewholeofcentralEurope,exceptincertainlocalareas, thedominantpracticewasthatofcremation,withthesubsequent depositionofthecineraryurninadelimitedareaorcemetery,traditionally calledan'urnfield'.