This chapter examines European Union's (EU) current pledges to the International Labour Organisation's (ILO) Decent Work Agenda as a means of aligning EU-Africa Association to legitimating development norms. It explores Europe's attempts to utilise Aid for Trade (AfT) to support decent work since linking of the policy agendas is central to the construction of the moral economy of contemporary EU-Africa ties. The chapter examines the role of decent work discourse in the construction of the moral economy of EU-Africa Association. It provides a critical assessment of tangible implications of the functioning 'moral economy' in terms of the case study sectors, poultry and cut-flowers, as well as AfT for decent work. The significance of decent work discourse in the reconstruction of the moral economy of EU-Africa ties in a Post-Washington Consensus (PWC) setting becomes clear from analysis of key strategic documents. For examining the moral economy of EU-Africa Association, it is necessary to examine the empirical realities of EU trade policies.