Chapters 9-13 are the hub of this book because they deal with the verb phrase (VP), which is the hub of a clause in Panjabi grammar. These chapters will also demonstrate why our usagebased methodology of dealing with form-meaning pairings and their meaning potential is the only sensible way of dealing with the complexity found in Panjabi (and in other North Indian languages, which are very similar to Panjabi in grammatical structure). Great views and insights of the Indian linguists who practised this type of linguistics centuries before some modern Western linguists adopted them in the last two decades of the 20th century are made use of throughout this book. The morphology of Panjabi verbs is considerably more complicated than that of verbs in English. This means that these morphological forms can express a richer variety of meanings in the constructions they are used in.