This chapter focuses on recognition. However, one of the main points of the chapter is that distribution and recognition should not be treated as isolated categories of justice, but as inter-twined and having connected roots. This bridge between distribution and recognition will also help to build a bridge between social and environmental justice. The chapter explores institutionalized structures that cause failures of recognition which place some people routinely at a disadvantage by framing the terms on which they can participate in social life. Small farmers in France and Rwanda have very different struggles, they share this problem of lack of recognition owing to status inequalities. Structural injustice, then, exists when social processes put large groups of persons under systematic threat of domination or deprivation of the means to develop. The chapter explains about Nyungwe National Park, Rwanda, the need to protect globally valued biodiversity for future humans, and the need to show responsibility towards non-human species.