This chapter presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapter of this book. The book illustrates the critical role of policy implementation and local factors in the policy process, consistent with the growing discussion of decentralization in China by Wong and others. The book shows that failing to analyze this process, including the roles of policy history and local context, would lead to an incomplete understanding of the diversity of factors affecting migrant schools and their students and subsequently patterns of social exclusion. It focuses on how the municipal and district governments and civil society can work towards meeting these needs and objectives. Shows that, whereas central policies on migrant children's education have called for the increased management of and support for migrant schools, the Beijing municipal government has largely omitted the latter from its policies, primarily because of concerns about population growth and social instability.