Superficially, the 1932–33 tour story is quite simple. In an itinerary of 22 official matches the MCC won ten, drew ten, tied one and lost one—an excellent record by an standards. More to the point, the MCC won the all-important test series four to one and so regained the ‘Ashes’, that symbol of power contested between what were then cricket's two most powerful nations. It was a heady result for English cricket, avenging the 1930 series loss and repeating the four-to-one victory for England in 1928–29. The 1932–33 test matches resulted for England thus: first test (Sydney) won by 10 wickets; second test (Melbourne) lost by 111 runs; third test (Adelaide) won by 338 runs; fourth test (Brisbane) won by 6 wickets; fifth test (Sydney) won by 8 wickets. However, it was the means by which those results were achieved, rather than the results themselves, which caused all the uproar.