This chapter discusses how the process of re-evaluation was engendered in political understandings of power and resistance, through concrete historical struggles over the nature and meaning of political life. It understands resilience-thinking as an invitation to reconsider how one understands the world and the human subject. When policy advocates and academics think about resilience, people are thinking about how to think differently and about how to see the world differently. Resilience-thinking enables people to understand this as a radically different world: a world in which everything they thought under liberal modernity needs to be re-evaluated. The chapter concerns developing an analysis of how resilience-thinking works in constructing a world in which the complexity of life both establishes the need for governance and provides a solution to the problem of governance. Resilience-thinking articulates a very different ontological understanding of the world it sees the composition of the world in a very different way.