Explore the challenges of preventing cybercrime

Compare and contrast threats affecting corporations and enterprises with those affecting individuals

Critique the attempts to increase the effort required to offend

Explain methods to increase the perceived risks of offending

Assess the mechanisms designed to reduce the rewards of offending

Describe techniques to remove excuses for offenders and victims

As noted throughout the previous chapters, our understanding of cybercrime is growing and provides some direction for theory and policymakers. The literature on offending and victimization provides some consistent findings regarding the nature of cybercrime, but calls into question how we may more effectively deter offenders and insulate victims from risk. The behavioral, attitudinal, and demographic correlates of offending and victimization identified in the existing literature can provide substantive direction for crime-prevention techniques (Clarke, 1983; Cornish & Clarke, 1987, 2003). In fact, the implications of these studies may be used to help inform situational crime-prevention frameworks for cybercrime (Collins, Sainato, & Khey, 2011; Hinduja & Kooi, 2013; Newman & Clarke, 2003). This criminological perspective combines rational choice theory along with routine activities perspectives (Clarke & Felson, 1993; Cohen & Felson, 1979), crime pattern theories (Spelman & Eck, 1989), and the problem analysis triangle (Braga, 2002), to help shape problem-oriented policing strategies (Braga, 2002; Clarke & Eck, 2007).