Short-time working represents an immediate and highly visible form of work-sharing albeit one with a more short-term horizon than other work-sharing proposals. For the employer there are number of possible benefits attached to pursuing a policy of short-time working, rather than a programme of redundancies followed by re-hiring once business revives. Whilst short-time working in Britain can involve workers registering as unemployed and claiming unemployment benefit for the days they are workless, the main vehicle by which recent governments have sought to encourage short-time working rather than redundancies, has been through the Temporary Short-Time Working Compensation Scheme (TSTWCS). As in Britain, very little short-time working occurs in Germany during periods of economic growth. The idea of compensating workers for short-time working is recent one in North America and compared to most European countries is still far from securely established. In Britain, support for short-time compensation has been expressed both at the level of the union federation and within individual unions.