PROFESSOR JULIAN HUXLEY has reminded you that as a result of the discoveries made in the last thirty years, we do not regard man exactly as we did at the end of the nineteenth century, and I now propose to give some account of the state of knowledge on this subject. Naturally there will be accounts of observations and experiments which not every one will be in a position to repeat, but if you doubt some comparison, for instance, between a gorilla's skull and a man's, you should go to a museum and look for yourself. I hope that you will look in a zoo or museum at the apes to which I shall refer. Familiarize yourself with the gorilla, chimpanzee, orang-utan and gibbons, so that you could not mistake one for another. Gorillas are rare in zoos in Great Britain, as they do not live weil in captivity, hut you can see themin museums, and there are splendid specimens in the Natural History Museum in London. Y ou go up the centre stairs, turn to the right past the giraffes, up the next Hight of stairs, and then you will find them through a door on tbe right. At the London Zoo it is very easy to find the apes, as their house is the very first one you corne to when you go in by the main entrance. The chirnpanzee and orang-utans are on the right as you
enter and the gibbons on the right at the far end. If you do not live in London, there is sure to be a museum where you can see the chimpanzee, and there are, of course, other excellent zoos in various parts of the country. What I have to say will mean much more to you if you have a concrete idea of what the animals are like, even if you cannot make an elaborate study oftheir anatomy.