The functional personality and how the development process is affected by a dysfunctional family and by childhood experiences of abuse and neglect are explained in Chapter 4 of the Workbook. The adapted child personality part becomes the Wounded/Broken-hearted Child, the Protective Parent becomes the Offender, and the Adult becomes the Protector-Controller, (See Diagrams 4.1 and 4.2 in the Workbook).