DOI link for B4. CLOSENESS
B4. CLOSENESS book
Early attempts to measure self-disclosure treated it as an individual characteristic, and attempted to characterise individuals along a scale from “disclosers” to “non-disclosers”. Thus Jourard (1971), in a number of pioneering studies, used a Self-Disclosure Questionnaire of 60 questions in each of six content areas-attitudes and opinions, tastes and interests, work, money, personality, and body. Subjects were asked to indicate on three-point scales to what extent each type of information had been revealed to father, mother, same-sex best friend and opposite-sex best friend. Not surprisingly, such an instrument is a poor predictor of self disclosure to a stranger in an experimental situation: what one person tells another depends on who the other is and on the situation.