China has a long tradiƟon of keeping historical records. The earliest historian was probably the legendary Cangjie during the reign of Huangdi, more than 4,000 years ago. According to various legends, Cangjie was a giŌed person with great intelligence and physical features. He was described as having four eyes with two pupils in each eye. He observed astronomical signs in the sky and footmarks leŌ by birds and other animals on the ground, and got the idea of wriƟng with disƟncƟve shapes. This was how he created the Chinese characters and that was probably how he wrote down the historical records for Huangdi as his oĸcial historian.