Post-war black education movements
DOI link for Post-war black education movements
Post-war black education movements book
This chapter examines the black education movements of the 1960s and 70s, and tells how their struggles helped define black Britain. Although this book is concerned with settlement and schooling from the perspectives of black activists and intellectuals, some context is necessary in order to help understand the dynamics of post-war immigration. The 1962 Immigration Control Act, passed by the Conservative government, and the 1968 Commonwealth Immigration Act, passed by Labour six years later, was shrouded in euphemism but both were essentially panic-driven responses to managing party political and street-level anxieties over black immigration. A recurring theme in such accounts is that, in the absence of national political leadership on race and immigration over and above base electoral calculations, a particular form of backlash discourse emerged. The resurgent Indian Workers Association (IWA) played a role analogous to that WISC did in the Caribbean community.