In the urban neighbourhood of Primero de Junio, daily activities start early. As early as possible, women, old and young, dogs and some kids gather around the public water tap, with buckets, water containers, and wheelbarrows. The tap, la pileta, is a focal point and essential part of the neighbourhood landscape. As in other recent urbanizations, in Primero de Junio, the water flow ends in collective and public water taps, where settlers, vecinos, fetch the water, and from here carry it to their homes. According to statistics, more than 25 per cent of the urban population of close to one million is immigrants. Since the 1960s, an increasing migrant population has been adding to the city, transforming the irregular terrain around Arequipa into an urban landscape, developing new neighbourhoods with the necessities of water, electricity and other services. For people on the margins of the city, urban life is linked to hard work converting dry mountainous landscape into liveable space.