This chapter begins with the empirical analysis of employment, unemployment, and labor force participation probabilities. The basic model variables showed both similarities and differences between foreign-born men and native-born men in changes in the probabilities of being in various labor market states because of their characteristics. A metropolitan residence likewise increases employment and labor force participation odds, while the effect on unemployment odds is unclear, higher compared to not-in-labor-force, lower compared to employment. Changes in the probabilities due to living in the South is less than a percentage point either way for any of the labor force states. Working in the agricultural wage and salary sector increases employment odds and labor force participation odds for both nativeborn and foreign-bora men. Foreign-born men at arrival are clearly more likely to be out of the labor force than native-born men, compared to either being employed or unemployed.