Recency Effects in Free Recall
DOI link for Recency Effects in Free Recall
Recency Effects in Free Recall book
The study of interference became particularly widespread with the development of the method of paired-associate learning, which became popular during the 1930s. Loftus and Loftus argues that the research on the effects of misleading information on eyewitness testimony is evidence against the notion of permanent storage. Zaragoza and Koshmider develops another test to compare the biased-guessing and substitution accounts. According to Melton and Irwin, the two lists do not exist independently in memory but rather the process of learning the second list leads to a diminishing of the first list in memory. Loftus and Loftus presented this work on interference in eyewitness testimony as evidence against the permanence of human memory. The purpose of this testimony by psychologists is to warn jurors of the unreliability of eyewitness testimony. Zaragoza, McCloskey, and Jamis designed a cued-recall test that would minimize the possibility that misleading postevent information would bias the responses that subjects use as guesses.