In the previous chapter, data was presented concerning the factors which were perceived as leading to initial involvement in collective action. Six clusters of responses were identified. These were: Personal background, personal charac teristics, various life events and the need for social support, social beliefs, group services and chance. In this chapter, the focus turns to the perceived outcomes of participation in collective action for the individual in terms of personal benefits and effects on social beliefs and identity. The data presented here sheds light on the issues of why people continue in their involvement in collective action, what they get out of participation and how they are affected by it.