This research project will illustrate the complex web of networks and movements among Amazonian indigenous representatives, interna­ tional non-governmental organization (INGO) representatives, multina­ tional oil companies, and international funding agencies that has been developing over the past fifteen or more years. Even though there are eth­ nic groups of Indians that still have not been contacted by Western indi­ viduals, such as Ecuador’s Tagaeri, and the majority of Amazonian Indians do not even travel to their capital cities, they have organized a system of collective action outside of their state borders that has given a voice to these once almost invisible groups. The reasons why this occurred, its processes, and its outcomes will be analyzed in this project.