ABSTRACT

The quarrels of sophists and philosophers in the early Empire are a familiar phenomenon. Those of holy men are considerably more dramatic, and yet have received less attention in their own right. And they could reach more violent conclusions more quickly. Apollonius of Tyana commanded the crowd to stone a beggar; while Saul of Tarsus lent his approval to the stoning of the Hellenist Christian Stephen.1 Holy men were not inclined to tolerate rivalry, nor always to conceal their differences amicably.