ABSTRACT

The chapter explains the main characteristics of exceptionalist understandings of insecurity, especially political intensification and enemy construction. What makes the difference is the prevalence of insecurity in international politics. Domestically, state authorities organise relations between people and constrain violence. The anarchical view of international relations makes the real and present possibility of war and insecurity the defining characteristic of international politics. War, the future of mankind and the 'survival' of a global security order have been the key examples. National security does more than asserting a point in time when decisions will affect the survival of the political order. The chapter another modality of rendering the transgression of normal politics that is closely connected to the national security tradition: transgressions of the subordination of military and policing power to civil political power. Democracy and its limits are brought into play in contestations of the political power of the military and the police.