Qi Baishi was one of the best known masters of traditional Chinese painting in China. Born into a peasant family on 1 January 1864 at Xiangtan, Hunan, Qi was apprenticed to a woodcarver at the age of 14. When he was 20, he came across The Mustard Seed Garden Manual of Painting and based his own carvings and portraits on the personages inside this manual. Gradually, under the influence of his mentors, including *Hu Qinyuan (1847–1914), *Tan Lisheng, *Chen Shaofan, *Wang Xiangyi and *Wu Changshi (1844–1927), Qi became adept in the arts of painting, calligraphy, poetry and seal-carving.