Students are speaking and listening all the time, mostly to each other, but also when teachers are in front of the class lecturing or giving directions. Although it seems that students are able to hold multiple conversations in their head and across various devices, there is more and more research to prove that our brains are not as effective at multitasking as we might think. For instance, Annie Murphy Paul reports on the work of a professor at California State University-Dominguez Hills, Larry Rosen, who argues that there are many consequences on our attention and memory when we multitask. For students, in particular, assignments take longer and mental fatigue sets in faster, and they have difficulty processing and storing information. There are numerous other academic studies and anecdotal reports that demonstrate the effect that multitasking have on our overall attention, and most of them indicate that we might be losing our focus, literally and figuratively.