ABSTRACT

Accordingtothepopularview,whichflndsexpressionin Homer,andwith\Vhich,inspiteoftheirverydiffc:rent c;c;timateoftherelativevaluesofbodyandsoul,thereligious thror:,·oftheOrphicsandotherthcologialsoagreed-accordingtothisviewthe"psyche"wasregardedasaunique crc:ltureofcombinedspiritualandmaterialnaturethat, whereveritmayhavecomefrom,nowdwellswithinman ;melthere,ashissecondself,carriesonitsseparateexistence, makingitselffdtwlwnthevisibleselflosesconsciousness indream,svvoon,orecstasy(secabove,pp.Gf.).Inthesame way,themoonandthestarsbecomevisiblewhennolonger obscuredbythebrighterlightofthesun.Itwasalready impliedintheconceptionitselfthatthisdoubleofmankind, whichcouldbedetachedfromhimtemporarily,hadaseparate existenceofitsown;itwasnoverygreatstepfromthis totheideathatindeath,whichissimplythepermanent separationoftheYisihlemanfromtheinvisible,thelatter didnotperish,butonlythenbecamefreeandabletoliveby andforitself.