The link connecting the ancient and the mediaeval schools of medicine is to be found in the Benedictine monasteries. Cassiodorus* (d. 573) was, in his later years, a member of this order, and he gave his brethren sound advice when he urged them to study medicine. The advice was not followed with much energy, but some books were read, and Alcuin in the ninth century put medicine on the curriculum of the schools which Charlemagne established. In the monastic hospital at Monte Cassino, a Benedictine establish ment in Campania, there was a gradual development of medical studies which in time reached the dignity of a school. After flourishing for a time this school gave place to the school of Salerno. The Normans conquered the province of Naples, in which Salerno was situated, and their invasion of Italy opened the way for Greeks and Arabs who came from
1 H, P. i. ch. vii. a Cp. p. 40.