THE ARGUMENT FOR CAUSALITY
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In their empirical use concepts are applied to sensible objects, which may be described as appearances, or, more technically, phenomena. In their transcendental use concepts are appliedor such at least is the intention to things as they are in themselves and as they can be grasped by understanding without the aid of sense. Such objects are called noumena, that is, understandable or intelligible objects. Thus the opposition between phenomena and noumena corresponds to the opposition between the empirical and the transcendental use of concepts. Kant begins by explaining the ground on which we may be tempted to claim that we have knowledge of noumena. It might be thought that the doctrine of the Transcendental Aesthetic justifies a belief in the objective reality of such noumena. The Transcendental Aesthetic has shown that since space and time are forms of our sensibility, we can by means of sensibility know things only as they appear to us, not as they are in themselves.