This chapter dealt with a range of different coastal problems in specific environments, illustrating the natural processes and disturbances involved. Human activities offshore, within the coastal zone and in the hinterland all contribute towards these and other more localized problems. The range of activities contributing to coastal problems is huge and thus the challenge for successful integrated coastal zone management is enormous. The Philippines provides a good example of the range of problems involved. The coastline of the Philippines is also being affected by onshore activities, as deforestation inland increases erosion and allied sedimentation at the coast. In Larap Bay, on Luzon Island, sediment from iron ore quarrying has been carried down rivers and has aided coastal progradation. The Mediterranean Basin has been an important seat of civilization for thousands of years, and there has been a long interaction of society with the coastal environment, as illustrated by the many archaeological sites around the Greek and Turkish coasts.