We can and must praise Philip II for what he did. He turned Macedonia from a backwater into an imperial power, one in which the people had a keen sense of nationalistic pride. He centralised the monarchy and so gave the state a unity that it had never felt before. He developed its mining, agriculture and trade, so that the people thrived. The economy boomed, and Macedonian coinage quickly became the strongest in Europe. He revolutionised its army, and created the premier ﬁghting force that allowed Alexander to achieve what he did. He established a dynasty that allowed his son to succeed without any threats from invaders or pretenders. His policy combined diplomacy and military prowess. At the end of his reign, Macedonia, with Greece and the peoples to its north, west and east under its control, was already looking to Persia for its next imperial venture.