Critical testing implies the need to develop critical strategies to examine the uses and consequences of tests, to monitor the power, minimize the detrimental force, reveal the misuses, and empower the test takers. It refers to the activity of embedding tests in reference to social, ethical, educational and political contexts. It includes the seminal book by Spolsky Measured Words, which examines the use of tests political tools by authoritative testing agencies, two special issues of Language Testing, a number of encylopaedia items and a growing number of dissertations and research articles. It important aims, in reference to the findings of the book regarding the uses of tests, are to minimize, limit and control the powerful uses of tests. Critical testing claims the act of language testing is not neutral. It is a product and agent of cultural, social, political, educational and ideological agendas that shape the lives of individual participants, teachers and learners.