Hybrid households, fragmenting homes
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Hybrid households, fragmenting homes book
The previous chapter addressed the issue of the structural transformation of the countryside, using evidence from local-level studies to make the case for a profound change In the basis of rural life and livelihood. Studies from across the region show - consistently — an increase in the contribution of non-farm incomes to total Incomes. What the chapter did not address was the question of how these changes have influenced (and are Influenced by) the operation of the household, and the social processes and structures that constitute the household. Moreover, little attention was paid to the differential effects of these changes on different classes or groups In rural society — men and women, young and old, rich and poor. The discussion that follows, then, Is designed to add flesh to the (largely) economic skeleton pieced together In the previous chapter. While diversification may be occurring on a broad (and global) scale, interpretations of what such diversification means are diverse and often conflicting. In a survey article concentrating on studies from sub-Saharan Africa, but which is equally relevant to Southeast Asia, Ellis warns:
In Chapter 3, it was suggested that research since the early 1980s has questioned the notion of the Village’ as the basic building block of Southeast Asian society (see page 29). Essentially, this has taken two lines. First, scholars have challenged the antiquity of the village; and second they have asserted that the traditional village was less harmonious and more differentiated than previously imagined. As with the village, so with the household.