Part Three: Assessment
DOI link for Part Three: Assessment
Part Three: Assessment book
Those who drafted the Peace of Munster in 1647-8 were very clear that the Dutch war of liberation had had dire consequences for both Spain and the Low Countries. Modern historians have disagreed amongst themselves about whether the war was the unmitigated disaster that many contemporaries thought. Some have argued that although the economy of the southern provinces was hard-hit by the conflict, that of the northern provinces was given a boost by it. Others think the northern provinces did not gain a great deal from the war while the southern provinces did not suffer as much as has been supposed. Most argue that Spain certainly incurred huge losses and had to make enormous sacrifices in terms of men and resources to continue the war, and that as a consequence it was those neutral countries on the periphery who profited, England, Sweden and Germany, but also the bankers of Genoa and Portugal. W hat sense can the student make of these conflicting claims?