Vincent B. Leitch Reader-Response Criticism
DOI link for Vincent B. Leitch Reader-Response Criticism
Vincent B. Leitch Reader-Response Criticism book
In this chapter Vincent B. Leitch presents an historical survey of the ideas, the influence, and the implications of reader-response criticism in the United States during the 1970s and the early 1980s. In the course of his discussion, Leitch suggests that Stanley Fish, Norman Holland, David Bleich, Hans Robert [auss and Wolfgang !ser tend to depoliticize reading by eliding questions of the social and the historical. Bycontrast, he suggests, the feminism of Jud ith Fetterley and the Mar xism of Mary Louise Pratt provide alternatives to the essentializing, ahistorical theories of classic reader-response criticism . Leitch also considers the work of those that he categorizes as 'structuralist' theorists of reading and readers - Michael Riffaterre, Gerald Prince, Jonathan Culler and Robert Scholes. Leitch suggests that the approaches of such theorists avoid the subject ivity or essentialism of descriptions produced by other reader-response critics, by recognizing that any reading is determined not only by textual but also by cultural constraints. The achievement of such theor ists, Leitch suggests, is to allow for a theorization of reading in terms of its connection with 'deep structures in society'.