Consider the following statement made by a senior member of the Bush administration in July 2002. US Secretary of State Donald Rumsfeld testified to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that:

Despite spending no less than $5 trillion (since 1945) in maintaining an extraordinary armory against the possible threat of a Soviet attack, the US still perceives a strategic need for Cold War levels of preparedness. According to this line of geopolitical reasoning, the US must maintain constant vigilance against new threats, whether in the form of rival states (not specifically enumerated) or terror groups such as the Al-Qaeda network. Billions of dollars will be devoted to a new National Missile Defense (NMD) scheme, as concern is expressed over the possible antics of ‘nuclear outlaw’ states such as North Korea and Iran.