Health professionals interact with people of all ages, cultures, languages, religions and spir-
itual beliefs, political persuasion, class, education and socioeconomic groups (Nigam, 1997).
In this way, the health care is not restricted to one place, or indeed to one individual or group
(Nigam, 1997). In reality, health care is a very cosmopolitan and essentially a public occupa-
tion. Knowing how values and beliefs inﬂuence not only your own behaviour, but also those
to whom you will provide care, will assist you in developing what your profession regards as
the professional standards of ethics and/or codes of conduct.