DOI link for Teaching strategies
Teaching strategies book
When you have identified your own learning style and that of your student you then need to consider what teaching style you will adopt to meet your student’s learning needs. Basically there are two fundamental approaches to teaching. One is pedagogy where the mentor takes charge and leads the student through the learning process. Here the student will be dependent upon the approaches, attitudes and actions of the mentor. The mentor will decide what the student learns and how. This may be appropriate in some situations, for example when there is only one way to carry out a task or procedure, such as in an emergency situation. The other approach is andragogy as identified by Knowles (1994) where the student is put at the centre of the learning process. Here the mentor will see each student as an individual. The mentor will then facilitate learning opportunities which will enable each student to achieve to their potential. The mentor needs to guide a student’s learning but this is based upon the student’s past experiences and knowledge level. The mentor will negotiate learning opportunities with the student. This approach will help develop students who can problem solve and engage in self-regulated learning.