This chapter discuss the main proposals that have been advanced and whether designing a new legal regime under climate change law or adaptation regimes would be more feasible to international human rights law to find a solution. The Program of Action devoted a separate section to climate change and sea-level rise and recognized the particular vulnerability of these countries to both climate change and sea-level rise. Sea-level rise will have significant economic, social and environmental implications for coastal states. The chapter discusses two small island developing states that have been very vocal in relation to climate change, the Maldives and Tuvalu. The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) continues to lobby at United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meetings of the Conference of Parties. The most cataclysmic ramifications of global warming may be visited upon the world's small island states, to exist within one hundred years because of rising sea levels.