This chapter discuss women and climate vulnerability, and international human rights law that relates to gender equality and non-discrimination, including the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). It also discusses United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and gender, specific topics relating to women: forced migration, natural disasters, adaptation, mitigation and human security. The impacts of climate change differ between men and women: The gender roles and responsibilities women retain are parallel with their lack of access and control over resources. The ecofeminist approach conceptualizes the strong relationship between women and nature, and maintains that women's experiences (biological and cultural) give them a different natural mindset that will enable them to protect the environment. The chapter concludes by discussing whether environmental justice and human security can provide an additional layer of protection for women who face considerable hardship in relation to climate change.