Summary and conclusions
DOI link for Summary and conclusions
Summary and conclusions book
The Making of Low Carbon Economies analyses how sustained effort at climate change mitigation over two decades has resulted in a variety of new institutions, ideas, rules and practices. The last twenty years have seen active construction of low carbon economies. The basic premise of this book is that, given that low carbon economies are a mix of things and people, responses to climate change can be best understood by looking in detail at the heterogeneous networks where the reality of climate change is recognised through its incorporation into everyday lives. ‘Everyday lives’ in this context refers mostly to the day-to-day lives of professionals, working across a range of sectors, rather than the more typical focus on the domestic realm. This book has documented an ongoing process of stitching climate concerns into the discourse and practices of already existing economies and markets, as well as the process of creating discrete new markets specifically aimed at climate mitigation. Climate change is predominately framed as an economic problem, as something to be solved through economies and markets. This neoliberal approach is often criticised, but if one adopts a broader understanding of markets and economies, following the lead of Foucault (2007) and other scholars, such as Mitchell (2008, 2011) and Gibson-Graham (2006, 2008), then the making of low carbon economies can be rethought more positively. These economies can be seen as inclusive and open to being remade according to a wider range of ideas, objectives and practices and not necessarily limited by a capitalist focus on profits and monetary exchange. The empirical chapters also indicate how our response to the problem of climate change typifies the blurred boundaries that exist in practice between markets and economies (Lie 1997; Fligstein and Dauter 2007), with such issues as value, commodification and standardisation transcending discrete low carbon markets and ‘overflowing’ (Callon 1998) into the political and governance arenas embraced by broader economies. Instead of concentrating on the discipline of economics, The Making of Low Carbon Economies attempts an interdisciplinary synthesis of concepts and theories drawn from sociology, human geography, STS and Foucauldian scholarship.