Cultural policy, as theoretical guide and framework, was one of the major achievements of the Revolution and an integral part of the historical moment when the old gave way to the new, and suddenly nothing could be taken for granted. The essential elements of the cultural policy bom of the events of January 1959 have evolved, yet each step in the process has brought new contributions. From 1959 to the mid-sixties, Cuba looked to existing elements—machinery, human resources, savoir faire—rediscovering them in light of the new functions they would assume, particularly in the task of consolidating an editorial base and philosophy for literary creation. The National Printing House was the cornerstone of Cuban publishing, the basis for developing graphic and industrial design and consolidating human and material resources; the rotary presses left idle after nationalization of the newspaper companies in 1960 constituted its lifeline.