Assessment of Older Women with Chronic Pain
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Pain is an extremely pervasive phenomenon. The number of health problems that involve pain is quite extensive and pain is the
presenting symptom in 80% of all office visits to physicians. The statistics on pain are especially relevant to women. Other than acute pain associated with traumas and post-procedural and post-surgical pain, the most common pain problems include back pain, headaches, temporomandibular jaw pain, fibromyalgia, and arthritis. With few exceptions, the incidence of each of these disorders is higher in females than males (Verbrugge, 1985a,b). In North America, women report a higher incidence of both temporary and persistent pain than men (Crook, Rideout, & Browne, 1984), and more women seek treatment for chronic pain than men (Margolis, Zinny, Miller, & Taylor, 1984).