In May 2003, the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH)

Jeremy ‘Paddy’ Ashdown decided to take decisive action to address

concerns about the extant defence system, in which each of BiH’s two

entities (Republika Srpska RS and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina FBiH) possessed armed forces independent of any meaningful state-level control.1 He used his broad powers to establish

the Defence Reform Commission (DRC), based in Sarajevo and responsible

to him directly. The DRC’s comprehensive report, ‘The Path to Partnership

for Peace’, published in September of that year, set defence reform in the

broader context of BiH’s Euro-Atlantic integration ambitions, which

envisioned eventual membership in both the European Union and NATO

as the basis of long-term security and prosperity.2